Marla and Darren Sumner earned professional degrees, he as an architect and she as an interior designer, and made a good living until they were laid off in 2008. Since then, they’ve had trouble finding work. Marla has even applied for a job as a cashier at a home-improvement specialty store and was rejected because she was over “over-qualified.” They’ve been collecting unemployment to make ends meet and watching pennies by conserving gas and shopping at low-end chain stores. They dropped their cable service and use internet at the local library. “It’s a paradigm shift,” said Marla. “I think that we lost blue-collar jobs. We are losing professional jobs now. And I think we’ve really sold out our country.” To improve what she sees as a failing American society, Marla believes the government needs to increase the minimum wage and strengthen the safety net by providing universal health care. “We are all deserving of humane basic consideration,” she says. On the upside, the recession has forced people to do more with less, which she says is good for the environment. “I think it’s stimulating for people to think, ‘Do I really need to drive, do I really need to make that trip?”
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Resources"Included in this group [the underrclass] are individuals who lack training and skills and either experience long-term unemployment or are not members of the labor force, individuals who are engaged in street crime and other forms of aberrant behavior, and families that experience long-term spells of poverty and/or welfare dependency."
- The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy, by William Julius WilsonInvestigate